Svaneti Museum of History and Ethnography

Svaneti Museum of History and Ethnography

Svaneti Museum of History and Ethnography
4.5
10:00–18:00
Tirsdag
10:00 - 18:00
Onsdag
10:00 - 18:00
Torsdag
10:00 - 18:00
Fredag
10:00 - 18:00
Lørdag
10:00 - 18:00
Søndag
10:00 - 18:00
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4.5
4,5 av 5 bobler286 anmeldelser
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Copiapoa77
Tyskland
2,0 av 5 bobler
jun. 2024 • Par
The official website states that the entrance fee is 7GEL for adults. We had to pay 20GEL per person.
To be clear: we found the price absolutely unreasonable.
The exhibits are presented and described in an orderly manner. However, it is so dark in the rooms that the small writing on the panels is usually difficult or impossible to read. What is unfortunately completely missing is an insight into the way people lived here in more recent history, i.e. after the Middle Ages. This is something that we as visitors to this region are particularly interested in. The exhibition is very small compared to this large, striking building. So after a short tour of the ground floor, you return to the entrance hall expecting to learn more about the life of the Svans and realize that that is all. What a pity.
Skrevet 21. juni 2024
Denne anmeldelsen er den subjektive meningen til et Tripadvisor-medlem og kommer ikke fra Tripadvisor LLC. Tripadvisor sjekker anmeldelser.

Dirk W
Alexandra Headland, Australia
4,0 av 5 bobler
sep. 2023 • Alene
Seemingly a rather small museum, I learned that it houses more than 4,000 items ; all are tastefully displayed, well lit and labeled. I think we started in a numismatic hall, then saw beautiful old books and manuscripts. I was particularly impressed with their collection of stunning icons and metalwork crosses. Finally there are displays of ethnographic value, showing lifestyle, daily tools and cloting of Svaneti people.
Good place to visit after exploring Ushguli, so you can put it all in perspective.
Skrevet 5. november 2023
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Skaglia71
Cremona, Italia
3,0 av 5 bobler
aug. 2023 • Familie
Located outside the town where the walk to Ushguli begins, it is an interesting museum to understand life in this part of the world in previous centuries, but it is a sparse and not particularly attractive museum so much so that it can be visited in less than an hour .
Skrevet 21. oktober 2023
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Molly P
Norwich, UK
2,0 av 5 bobler
sep. 2023 • Par
We decided to visit this museum as we had become very curious about Svan culture after a trip to Ushguli. I know most museums are based on artefacts (and it has a fair number of those) but I had hoped to leave with a deeper understanding of how people lived and survived, their rituals, social history, food, day-to-day life and customs etc. (The giant couldron for boiling sacrificial animals was the closest to this there was but that is about it). Maybe it was because we did not have a guided tour but I considered it 20 GEL (each) not particularly well spent.
Skrevet 12. september 2023
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Сорокин Евгений
Veliky Novgorod, Russland
5,0 av 5 bobler
sep. 2022
The Svaneti Museum is considered one of the best among local historical and ethnographic museums in Georgia. The museum was founded in 1936. The building that now houses the museum was built in the 1980s. In style, it recognizably belongs to the so-called socialist (or Soviet) modernism and looks very typical: massive forms and construction, solidity, the main material is reinforced concrete. In 2013, the museum was reconstructed and now it is well and modernly decorated.
It is curious that the modern museum building is surrounded by a medieval-looking stone fence. Looks somewhat eclectic. Although it should be noted that the modern museum building fits well into the general architectural appearance of Mestia with its Svan towers sticking out everywhere and does not stand out at all.
The museum's exhibition begins with archaeological finds from the Bronze Age. Quite a lot of Colchian axes are on display. These axes indicate that before the beginning of the first millennium BC, in the western regions of Georgia and Svaneti there lived people who used bronze, that is, it was already some kind of developed culture.
Next comes the numismatic hall. Various ancient coins are collected there. There is a gold stater of Alexander the Great (imperial), that is, a coin probably from the 4th century BC, found on the territory of Svaneti. There are Georgian coins from the 13th-16th centuries. There is a gold Colchian coin from the 5th century BC.
Then there is a hall with icons from the churches of Svaneti, displayed in a semicircle. The exhibition includes both icons on wood and chased silver icons. There are quite a lot of wooden icons in the Svaneti Museum. There are quite a lot of very ancient icons from the 9th to 14th centuries. I must say that I was impressed by the very high level of skill in painting and embossing, especially for icons of the 9th and 10th centuries. Wooden icons are made with bright colors. It seemed to me that the predominant color is red, its shades and the colors of the spectrum close to it. The images on the icons are dominated by St. George and the Mother of God. Naturally, all the faces depicted on the icons are Georgian based on anthropometric characteristics. Another distinguishing feature is large, wide eyes. Even in ancient times, it was noted that if, suppose, cats had icons, then we would see on them the mustachioed, furry and eared faces of holy cats with a halo. Yes, there are cats with big eyes too, there are even separate breeds.
A separate hall of the museum is dedicated to ancient books. Mostly there are handwritten books of religious content on parchment. Very large sizes. They don't make such huge books anymore. There are books from the 9th and 10th centuries.
In addition to the actual books on parchment, several medieval scrolls on parchment are also on display.
There are also such curious documents, which are smooth, flat wooden sticks or tablets on which inscriptions are written. Probably, in Svaneti, due to the lack of paper and the high cost of parchment, they wrote on such tablets.
The presence of a larger number of icons and a very large number of books in Svaneti, although this region has always been considered such a bearish corner, the most isolated place not only in Georgia, but also in Transcaucasia in general, and has never been a cultural and educational center, is explained by historical reasons. Svaneti was the safest region of Georgia in the Middle Ages and modern times, when the rest of Georgia was repeatedly subjected to conquest and plunder. For these reasons, during wars, the most important religious values, including books and icons, were brought to Svaneti. Some of them remained there in Svan temples.
The last halls of the museum are usually called local history rooms. There are a lot of weapons on display there (both firearms and bladed weapons), and equestrian equipment (there are men's and women's saddles). There are such interesting shoes as snowshoes. Furniture and household utensils are displayed in a separate room. The situation in the houses of the Svans is shown. There are Svan carved chairs, which seem to have been very common.
The museum itself is generally small, but quite rich. However, signs for the exhibits, as is usually the case in Georgia, are only in English and Georgian, so without knowing at least one of them you are unlikely to understand anything. Here we must also take into account that not only the typical, but also the advanced Russian tourist, knows little about the history of Svaneti, to put it mildly. In the museum, for a fee (about 50-60 GEL, in addition to the tickets itself), you can use the services of a guide. I don’t know how many tour guides there are on staff at the museum, but we came across an elderly woman who seems to have been working in this museum for about forty years and knows almost everything about each exhibit, and besides that she knows a lot more. She talks interestingly. The tour takes more than an hour. Well, in any case, it took us about an hour and a half.
The guide talked a lot about the ancient history of Svaneti. We stood in front of the first display cases with bronze axes and pendants for about thirty minutes, listening to her story. In fact, it was generally clear that she was interested in antiquity much more than the Middle Ages, although she also talked a lot about icons and books. Already in the last halls, where there were weapons, everyday life and ethnography, it was clear that all this was somehow not very interesting to her.
I will also mention the guide’s interest in the influence of figures and numbers on the life of mankind throughout history and their manifestation in certain human institutions. She said that some numbers or numbers had some kind of sacred meaning, for example, multiples of three, which was manifested in human symbolism, including church symbols, myths, legends, calendar calculations (calendar studies). In general, during the excursion, wherever it was possible to dwell on phenomena related to numbers, there were all sorts of calendars and cycles, she dwelled for a long time on this digital symbolism.
In general, I can say that the excursion was interesting. However, those who are not interested in ancient history will hardly be interested in icons, crosses and books.
In addition to the historical part, the museum hosted an exhibition of paintings by Svanetian artist Fridon Nizharadze (1944-2020). He lived in Ushguli all the time after graduating from the Academy of Arts in Tbilisi. In addition to painting, he was engaged in wood carving and writing poetry. It is believed that he worked in the style of surrealism and was compared to Salvador Dali (“Georgian Dali”), although at the exhibition there are paintings where it is quite clear what is being drawn (in the sense in general, and not individual details). Bright colors and comic images, although sometimes you feel uneasy.
In the foyer of the museum, copies of frescoes from several ancient Svan churches are hung on the walls. They are irregular in shape, as if several pieces were cut out of a rectangle. This is explained by the properties of the architecture of the churches from which the paintings were copied. The semicircular cutout at the bottom indicates that there is an entrance opening in the church at this location. The rectangular cutout at the top probably indicates some kind of architectural element that the painting has bypassed.
Skrevet 28. august 2023
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Iwona J
Lodz, Polen
4,0 av 5 bobler
jul. 2023 • Venner
Nieplanowana wizyta w muzeum. Potwierdza starożytną historię tego regionu, artefakty bardzo ciekawe plus ikony sprzęty domowe etc
Skrevet 10. juli 2023
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Nadin
Tbilisi, Georgia
5,0 av 5 bobler
mai 2023 • Par
Excellent museum! The history of Svaneti and Georgia is collected and presented with such love! Thanks for the interesting tour.
Skrevet 27. mai 2023
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5,0 av 5 bobler
feb. 2023 • Venner
Небольшой музей, с интересной экспозицией. Если Вы любите историю, есть что почитать (на английском или грузинском) и что посмотреть.
Skrevet 16. februar 2023
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5,0 av 5 bobler
okt. 2022 • Familie
Современный музей с уникальными экспонатами. Особенно поразили и восхитили древние иконы , чеканные на серебре , найденные в местных храмах. Экскурсовод Русико интересно и подробно рассказала об истории Сванетии, особенностях этого горного края.
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Skrevet 8. oktober 2022
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Charles_and_Susan
Nottingham, UK
4,0 av 5 bobler
sep. 2022
The local guide that took us round was keen to point out every article in the museum. She was very knowledgeable and was able to answer questions from our group too. There's quite a range of stuff! Well worth a visit if you have the time.
Skrevet 3. oktober 2022
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